Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Economies of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)
Volume 32, Issue 29, Pages 53-84
AbstractSince 2007, the effect of global financial crisis has varied in different degrees on the economies of Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), this is due to their linkage with the global economy. GCC countries are characterized in a high economic openness to the market economy. However, the crisis began influencing the financial sector, especially the stock markets and banking sector, the banking sector in GCC countries has faced a liquidity crisis and causes inability to grant loans for various development projects and reluctance many banks from granting loans or imposing high interest rates. As the sovereign funds, the Gulf cooperation Council has been subjected to significant losses in the value of real estate assets that were investing in the advanced industrial countries' markets, as well as, the effects of the crisis on the oil sector. Furthermore, the fluctuated prices in the international oil market and then the degree of economic growth, and direct and indirect investments shape the importance of this research due to the size of the financial losses faced by the economies of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). Due to the financial crisis and economic openness of GCC economies, the author is motivated to set an assumption which assumes that the global financial crisis will be affected negatively on GCC countries. However, the study set several recommendations that could reduce the negative impact, such as applying teachings of the Islamic economy in light of the jurisprudence of the Islamic banking and financial markets, and take a non-cash actions that encourage consumption and private investment and the development of new and stringent conditions in granting of high values of loans and demand real guarantees, and activating the role of censorship Securities that have remained outside government control markets.
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