ISSN: 1817-5880

Volume 33, Issue 31

Volume 33, Issue 31, Winter 2017, Page 0-164


Testing the best model to measure the impact of economic changes in the unemployment rate in the economy of the Kingdom of Bahrain for the period (1991-2013)

Sahera Hussein Zain

Gulf Economist, Volume 33, Issue 31, Pages 1-32

The study aims to select the best equation represents the phenomenon of unemployment in the kingdom of Bahrain for the period (1991-2013), as adopted on a gradual gradient method to determine the effect of economic variables in the unemployment rate according to the standard statistical criteria. The study concluded that the best model the unemployment rate is the model which contains two variables are explanatory rate of inflation and the rate of capital stock growth. The regression parameters signal compatible with the logic of economic theory in the form, and be the explanatory variables have statistically significant, as well as the high statistical significance of the estimated parameters in the model as a whole.

The Role of Financial Sector Of Saudi Arabia In Achieving Economical Growth on Light of its Joining to World Trade Organization

Ban Ali Husein AL-meshhedani

Gulf Economist, Volume 33, Issue 31, Pages 33-51

The Saudi financial sector consists of a group of financial institutions, the Arabian monetary agency “SAMA”, commercial banks, stock market, and specialized lending institutions, we notice that the period (2006-2013) in the consolidated financial center of commercial banks characterized by high bank reserves to 181796 million riyals in 2013 compared to 2006, reaching 52061 million riyals, bank deposits increased to 1291847 billion riyals in 2013 compared to 2006, reaching 591 259 million riyals, the consolidated financial center of the specialized lending institutions for the same period mentioned marked by rising deposits to 82 454 million riyals in the in 2013 compared to 2006, reaching 30 464 million and rising investments to 126 534 million riyals in 2013 after it was about 65365 million riyals in 2006 At the level of the stock market performance , the listed companies increased from 86 in 2006 to 163 companies in the 2013 and increased market value of shares to 467 341 million dollars in 2013 compared to 2006, reaching 326869 million dollars due to the high price indices for the majority of companies listed on the stock market, the money supply for the same period as it has achieved a remarkable growth in N1, N2, N3 for the money supply in N3, which consists of currency outside bank and total deposits at banks achieved rise in 2013 by 1427174 billion riyals, compared to 2006 increased by 660 583 billion riyals, due to the improvement in the banking intermediation.

The Reform Policies and its Impact on Iraqi Economy

Suhad Ahmad Rashid

Gulf Economist, Volume 33, Issue 31, Pages 52-88

The economic recession which has been seen in the end of seventies, led to use the economic reform programmers, especially at the beginning of eighties.
The economic reform is very important to the economies which safer from the recession. The programmers have been used by international Bank, when there is a need to borrow on canceled the debts.
In the shadow of expanding the debts for Iraq which recorded for about(125) billion dollars in 2007,dueto the wars.
There for, Iraq made its best to negotiate with countries to omit its debts in which called (praise club). These counties were asked to carry out economic reform. This has been done by using some economic reform policies. So, this aspects and showing The policies which Iraq has used, especially in making stability in the prices of goods and increasing the rate of economic growth.
In conclusion ,we found that economic reform policies in economic, social, politic and modern processes. It is continuous process and needs to renew all its variables, in order to make new thoughts and values .That is ,to increase the rate of economic growth and raise the living standards of people.

Cluster Analysis and Discriminatory in Applied Study on Some Iraqi banks

Asma Ayoub YACOUB

Gulf Economist, Volume 33, Issue 31, Pages 89-118

The bank fields is considered an important field in country ,this is becomes it's role in economy and it's effect on investment in this country .
So in this study multivariate statistical methods were used, represented by cluster analysis and discriminate analysis for classifying and discerning the extent of homogeneity among banks. these methods were applied on (20) banks , and these are the most important bank in Iraq enrolled in Iraq Stock Exchange .
Through the use of cluster analysis we classify banks in two homogenous groups, The first group include (16) banks (Commercial, Iraqi Islamic, Investment, Dijlah & Furat, National, Credit, Dar es salam, Sumer, Babylon, Economy, Gulf, Mosul, Union, Ashur, Mansour, Elaf Islamic ), regarding the second group include (4) banks (Baghdad , North , Kurdistan International , united ).
Regarding discernment analysis, it applied to discern most important variables that leading to non homogeneity among concluded groups in cluster analysis. Through this application we predicted that each of variables (Traded share, Total revenues, Turnover ratio, Trading volume, Total expenses, Subscribed shares, Total sources of finance) has the most important value in classification. Further more discernment function was formulated which is used in prediction the importance of variables. And through discernment function we concluded that twenty banks classification was correct with out any error.

Study and Analysis of the Relationship Between public Expenditure and GDP and Its share in Achieving Economic Development in Iraq For Period (1975-2014)

Mohammed Hasan Auda

Gulf Economist, Volume 33, Issue 31, Pages 119-162

Public expenditure has occupied a special importance in the financial studies , in that it is a way to satisfy the public needs and then they are considered as the administration which government depends on it in achieving its aspirations of progress and development in all fields of life. Therefore, the expenditure policy clearly reflects the aimed targets of the state, which seeks to promote the national economy to accelerate development and achieve stability and improved living standards for all citizens.
In other words, recent changes in the concept of public expenditure did not make it just only cash allocation but a tool used to achieve economic, social and political balance to investigate and raise the level of welfare of all members of society, that why economic literatures especially macroeconomic models have indicated to the existence of a relationship between public spending and domestic total output. This relationship has attracted the attention of a lot of economists and researchers.