ISSN: 1817-5880

Volume 29, Issue 23

Volume 29, Issue 23, Autumn 2012, Page 1-254


The Global Financial crisis Role at Higher Education Institutions

Prof. Dr.Muslim Alawi Shibli

Gulf Economist, Volume 29, Issue 23, Pages 1-26

The higher education plays two roles at national development plan and society .It provide goverment with knowledge , Technical and scientific skills , at the same time it Provide consultation to the national development plan , The arab gulf higher education facing several challenges such as "following scientific development globlay , the educational institutions diversity , training programs ,etc.."
The research aims to diagnose the impact of financial crisis on higher education field , and treatment methods.

Dubai ...The Dialectic of Development and Debt

Prof .Dr. Jalil SH. Al-Bidani

Gulf Economist, Volume 29, Issue 23, Pages 27-37

Dubai development experience seems at first glance an outstanding example in the arab region which received so much praise and interest .Dubai managed and succeedd to become a financial, commercial ,and tourist center at a global level , thanks to the huge investment in the infrastructure , great administrative facilities and tax free policies , with taking advantage at the same time of global economic prosperity and relatively easy finance and borrowing. Dubai succeeded , to the large extent , to become a model similar to Singapore and Hong Kong , which attract many countries to follow.
In fact it is not estimated for Dubai development model to continue smoothly without shocks, as all beautiful things in the life,It become clear after the ongoing international economic and
financial crisis that exploded in August 2008
The research is an attempt to analyze and diagnose briefly the most important positive and negative , strengths and weakness associated with this fantastic development experience.

The Advantage Possibility of Technological Incabators and Scientific Parks In Iraqi Universities to Serve Community and Economic Development

prof.Dr. Mohemmed Abud Taher

Gulf Economist, Volume 29, Issue 23, Pages 38-78

The world has witnessed huge economic transformations during the past decades through small & medium enterprises (SMEs), which played a basic role in the economic development process in the world, especially those which concerned with modern technology. These enterprises have become the main source for business and economic development.
The states with advanced economy have worked on preparing programmes and mechanisms to support SMEs and innovate ideas and transform them into marketable products. One of these mechanisms is business incubators. Iraq, like other states in the world, seeks mechanisms to support and develop the national economy, but it is still not advanced in the field of business incubators especially the technological incubators and scientific parks related to universities.
In our current study, we will shed light on the concepts and international experiences in business incubators and scientific parks to transfer their expertise to Iraq. Descriptive analysis of researches and studies have been adopted to set the requirements and standards for the establishment of such incubators in the Iraqi universities to be a basis to support the development in Iraq

The Current Global Economic Crisis Causes, Effects and Lessons Learned

Dr. Mayah Shibib Al Shemari Assist Prof

Gulf Economist, Volume 29, Issue 23, Pages 79-109

Abstract:
The research focuses on the global economic crisisIn 2008.The reasons of occurrence, mechanisms andtransition to the capitalist system, it described the manifestations of this crisis and its difference with othercrises of Capitalist ,the research also measured the impact of consumer spendingon economic growth,the impact of bank loans,on the global development, the research studiedtheorientalist look of the current global economic crisis effects,and explained the effects of the economic crisis on the Iraqi economy, the extent of vulnerability or not at this crisis,also described what are the lessons learned from the current global financial crisis concluding some conclusions .

Iraqi women’s Empowerment in Development

Dr. Malik Abdul Husein Ahmed

Gulf Economist, Volume 29, Issue 23, Pages 110-135

Abstract:
There will not be any development in any country or society
without women involvement. Half of the present are women which constitute the whole future. Marginalize and exclude women from political , economic and social life, this will make them paralysed power and inactivate however this might also push toward enabling them to try to contribute to ensure their participation in political decision making ,economical and social order and to be an active player in the process of change and society prosperous .

Capital Structure and the variables Affect on it Empirical study on UAE listed companies

Dr.Alaa Abdul Husein AL saadi

Gulf Economist, Volume 29, Issue 23, Pages 136-158

Abstract:
This study aims to investigate the capital structure levels (leverage ratio) and the economic activity effects,and some variabls on these levels of listed companies in the United Arab Emirates. The study adopting Panel Data for sample of 35 companies which are registered in both Abu Dhabi and Dubai security markets for 6 years during the period 2005 – 2010. The fixed-effect (within) regression model was used to examine this sample.
The study concluded that the nature of company’s business has effect on capital structure level. In addition the study showed that there was a positive significant relationship between fixed assets and company size with the company’s capital structure, and there was a negative significant relationship between profitability and company’s capital structure. These results indicate that the companies have big fixed assets used leverage in order to increase their operation activities but as a second option after use of their equity funds first.

Illegal Banking Operations and the Role of Oversight and Scrutiny under Basel principles basel (Survey Study in Iraqi Banks)

Lecture Ban Twafik Nejem

Gulf Economist, Volume 29, Issue 23, Pages 159-203

Abstract:
The main objective of this research is to investigate the commitment control system of the banks to apply the pasel principles .to preserve the integrity of their financial positions and to achieve a a banking sector free from illegal banking operations, preserving the rights of depositors and investors, and ensuring the proper implementation of critical policy of the state appropriately to contribute effectively in national economic development and prosperity. we will search in this concept the illegal banking operations and its implications, making circulars and laws passed on efforts to reduce these operations in the Arab Gulf states, as well "on the role of central bank and regulatory authorities to examine them. In addition to that we reached to several recommendation and a set of laws and legislation which would enable the Central bank to exercise its control duties effectively and help to apply the principles of Basel .

Water security for GCC and Iraq

Assist Lecturer Ban Ali Al Mashehadany

Gulf Economist, Volume 29, Issue 23, Pages 204-229

Abstract:
Water is a major Substrate upon which depend all of the social , economic and civilization growth .Also , it is a vital factor in achieving arabic food security it is expected that the demand on water will reach to more than 32,5 miliar m3 in GCC by 2025 . These countries suffers from water deficit mounts to 15 miliar m3 yearly , and it is expected that the individual share will reach to less than 500m3 by 2025 .In Iraq , water balance status is stable when the water resources gab will decline to (46,5) in2025.

Affecting factors in Oil Revenues evolution Of Gcc (2000-2008)

Assist lecturer Hiyam Khaza al Nashur

Gulf Economist, Volume 29, Issue 23, Pages 230-251

Abstract:
Oil revenues are the most important economic resources in the GCC. It contributes a large proportion in the composition of Gcc . These countries rely largly on Oil revenues and less on other funding sources – such as taxes and other investment income . The revenues are subject to fluctuation as a result of several factors , most important "real oil prices , the political situations , oil reserves , energy production , and world market`s needs" so, any change in oil revenues will reflect.on the econmics indicators and development requirements of these countries , This research is identifying the nature of oil revenues in terms of the study concept and economic importance , and study the most important factors affecting the evolution of the revenues during 2000-2008.